Volume 7, Issue 2, April Issue - 2019, Pages:178-185
Authors: Sifolo S. Coulibaly, Kouadio I. Kouassi, Kouame K. Koffi, Bi I.A. Zoro
Abstract: Maize is one of the most important cereal used for people and animal alimentation in Côte d’Ivoire, but its productivity is low. Compost, which is an organic amendment, is known for its efficacy on agricultural productivity increase, but little is known about its influence on maize productivity in Côte d'Ivoire. The present study aimed to evaluate the benefits of compost from pig and chicken wastes on maize productivity. The field experiment was carried out under a randomized complete block design with three replicates on a ferralitic soil during three season-cycles. The agronomic parameters such as the number of leaves under the ear, the insertion height of ears, the plant height and yield attributes were investigated. Results of the study showed that the tallest plant (169.56 cm) was obtained with pig compost. The highest number of grains per row (30.87), the longest ear (17.59 cm), and the heaviest ear (181.33 g) were obtained with pig compost. The highest numbers of row of grains per ear were obtained with pig compost (13.50) and chicken compost (12.83). The highest weights of 100 grains were 13.51 g and 12.70 g respectively with pig compost and chicken compost. The results of the study suggest that pig and chicken manures could be used as fertilizer through composting to improve maize productivity in Côte d’Ivoire.