Volume 6, Issue 5, October Issue - 2018, Pages:898-902
Authors: Farzana Choudhary, S. A. Khandi, Rayees Ahmed Bafanda, Fahad Shehjar
Abstract: Bakarwals, one of the tribal communities of Jammu & Kashmir forming largest small ruminant rearing pastoralist groups in Himalayan region of J&K. Small ruminant rearing significantly contributes to the livelihood security of the poor farmers, even under various challenging environmental conditions as inadequate rainfall, very high temperatures and poor soil fertility. The present study was conducted in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir state to assess the SWOT analysis of Bakarwal tribe regarding sheep and goat rearing practices. Multistage random sampling plan was followed for the selection of ultimate respondents. The data was collected from 120 Bakarwal respondents belonging to Marh, Satwari, Bhalwal and Dansal blocks of Jammu district through well structured interview schedule, from the respondents either at their farm or home after proper testing of schedule and using appropriate scales. The final schedule was divided into four broad areas namely strength, weakness, opportunity and threat, each area consisted of 6 items. This was operationalised on a two point continuum of Yes and No. with 1 and 0 score allotted respectively for each items. The scores of individual items were added to arrive at the total score of an individual respondent. The findings revealed that rearing sheep and goat through “traditional rearing practices do not need high start up costs to establish a profitable business” was the main strength in sheep and goat rearing (99.17%), while “traditional sheep and goat rearing knowledge” was the least strength (50%). “Inaccessible paths to the sheep and goat rearer” (98.83%) was considered as the main weaknesses whereas, “local breeds have low productivity in terms of wool production, milk production and meat due to genetic limitations” was considered as least weakness (60%) in sheep and goat rearing. While “sheep and goat can be used as a tool to alleviate poverty while also ensuring food security”, was the main opportunity in sheep and goat rearing (99.17%) whereas “processing to add value to sheep and goat products” was considered as least opportunity (45%). Grazing areas are of difficult access to the shepherd” was the main threat (99.17%) whereas, “sheep grazing causes deforestation” was considered as least threat (70%) in sheep and goat rearing by Bakarwal tribe.