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Volume 6, Issue 5, October Issue - 2018, Pages:884-889

Authors: Farzana Choudhary, S. A. Khandi, Rayees Ahmed Bafanda, Sheikh Umair Minhaj
Abstract: The present investigation was undertaken to assess the constraints perceived by the Bakarwal tribe in small ruminants rearing practices in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir. Multistage random sampling plan was followed for the selection of respondents. A well structured interview schedule was administered to 120 respondents randomly selected from the four selected blocks Marh, Satwari, Bhalwal and Dansal of Jammu district having good Bakarwal population. Data was collected through well structured interview schedule from the respondents either at their farm or home after proper testing of schedule and using appropriate scales. For evaluation of constraints the final schedule was divided into four broad areas namely management, feeding, breeding and health care. Each area of sheep and goat rearing practices contained 7 constraints in management, 10 in feeding, 6 in breeding and 8 in health care practices and the respondents were asked to rate them on three point continuum, based on seriousness of the perceived constraint. The constraints were then ranked based upon their mean percent score (MPS). The findings of present study revealed that for management practices, “migration” was perceived as most serious constraint (95.28%) ranked one followed by “limited resource availability for providing scientific housing to animals” (92.5%) whereas “High cost of disinfectants” (70.56%), was perceived as least serious constraint. In feeding practices, “scarcity of green fodder” was perceived as most serious constraint (93.89%) which was followed by, “non- availability of pasture” (87.22%). For breeding practices, “poor conception rate in animals” (90%) ranked one was perceived as most serious constraint while the lack of knowledge related to proper time for service” (67.78%) was perceived as least serious constraint. In case of health care practices, “inefficient treatment of animals” (91.11%) ranked one was perceived as most serious constraint by the respondents followed by, “vaccination facilities are not timely available” (88.89%). On the other hand “high cost of treatment because of costly medicine” (68.33%) was perceived as least serious constraint by the respondents.
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