Volume 6, Issue 2, April Issue - 2018, Pages:335-341
Authors: Boris Georgievich Tsugkiev, Ella Viktorovna Ramonova, Ruslan Gelbertovich Kabisov, Andrey Georgievich Petrukovich, Alan Makarovich Hoziev, Irina Borisovna Tsugkieva
Abstract: This research was aimed at isolating pure cultures of microorganisms that fermented lactose from the contents of the digestive tract of wild animals, and at studying their technological properties. Further, the contents of the digestive tract of wild animals such as Caucasian wild goat, European roe deer and brown bear were procured from the hunters of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania of the Russian Federation. Pure cultures of the lactose fermenting strains of microorganisms isolated from their digestive tracts, identified and deposited at the National Bioresource Center “The All-Russian Collection of Industrial Microorganisms” of the Federal State Budget Institution "GosNIIGenetika" of the Ministry of Education and Sciences of the Russian Federation, Moscow. Various microbial strains such as Enterococcus thailandicus VKPMV-11826, E. durans VKPMV-11827, E. mundtii VKPMV-11828, E. hirae VKPMV-11829, E. faecalis VKPMV-11830, E. hirae VKPMV-11831, E. thailandicus VKPMV-11832, E. thailandicus VKPMV-11833, E. hirae VKPMV-11834, E. hirae VKPMV-11835 and E. duransVKPMV-1196 have been isolated from the digestive tract of various studied organisms. It has been found that the rate of milk coagulation by cultures of the studied strains of microorganisms bred in the Research Institute of Biotechnology of the Gorsky State Agrarian University, Republic of North Ossetia–Alania of the Russian Federation, is 6-8 hours, and the maximum limit of acid formation is 129 - 216°T on the 10th day. The studies have shown that lactic acid bacteria are very widespread both in the environment and in the body of animals, including wild animals.