An International Open Access Journal
News Scroll
E-mail Alerts
Subscribe for TOC Alerts
Search Articles
Creative Commons License


Alabi OA, Shokunbi OS (2011) Toxicological effects of hospital wastewater using animal bioassays. Annals of Biological Research 2:265-275.

Antonise-Wiez D (1990) Analysis of the cell cycle in root meristem of Allium cepa under the influence of Ledakrin. Folia Histochemical Cytobiologia 26:79-96.

Babatunde BB, Bakare AA (2006) Genotoxicity screening of waste from Agbara Industrial Estate, Nigeria evaluated with the Allium test. Pollution Research 25:227-234.

Bagatini M, Vasconcelos T, Laughinghouse IVHD, Martins A, Tedesco S (2009) Biomonitoring hospital effluentsby the Allium cepa L. test. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 82:590-592.

Bakare AA, Okunola AA, Adetunji OA, Jenmi HB (2009) Genotoxicity assessment of Pharmaceutical effluent using four bioassays. Genetic and Molecular Biology 32:373-381.

Bassi MD, Moretton J (2003) Mutagenicity of antineoplastic drug residues treated in health care waste autoclave. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 71 : 170–175.

Carballa M, Omil F, Lema M, Llompart C, Garcia-Jares I, Rodriguez M, Gomez, Ternes T (2004) Behavior of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and hormones in a sewage treatment plant. Water Research 38:2918–2926

Costa RMA, Menk CFM (2000)Biomonitoramento de mutage ˆneseambiental. In: Biotecnologia (Ed) Cie ˆncia & Desenvolvimento 2:24-26.

Ferk F, Mi¡sík M, Grummt T, Majer B, Fuerhacker M, Buchmann C, Vital M, Uhl M, Lenz K, Grillitsch B, Parzefall W, Nersesyan A, Knasmüller S (2009) Genotoxic effects of wastewater from an oncological ward. Mutation Research 672: 69–75.

Fiskejo  G (1993) The Allium test. In: Wastewater monitoring. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 8:291–298.

Gadano A, Gurni A, López P, Ferraro G, Carballo M (2002) In vitro genotoxic evaluation of the medicinal plant Chenopodiumambrosioides L. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81:11-16.

Guerra M, Lopes MJS (2002) Como observarcromossomos—Um guia de te ´cnicasemcitogene ´tica vegetal, animal e humana. FUNPEC, vol 1. Ribeira ˜o Preto 2002;131.

Gupta P, Mathur N, Bhatnagar P, Nagar P, Srivastava S (2009) Genotoxicity evaluation of hospital wastewaters. Eco-toxicology and Environmental Safety 72:1925-1932.

Ibeh IN, Omoruyi MI (2011) Seasonal Dynamics in the Physiochemical Parameters of Hospital Effluent from a University Teaching Hospital based in Southern Nigeria. Journal of Asian Scientific Research.1:7-17I.

Jolibois B, Guerbet M (2006) Hospital wastewater genotoxicity. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 50: 89–196.

Kolpin D, Furlong E, Meyer M, Thurman M, Zaugg S, Barber L, Buxton H (2006)Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999–2000: a national reconnaissance. Environmental Science and Technology 36:1202–1211.

Kosma CI, Lambropoulou DA, Albanisa TA (2010) Occurrence and removal of PPCPs in municipal and hospital wastewaters in Greece. Journal of Hazardous Materials 179:804-817.

Kummerer K (2001) Drugs in the environment: emission of drugs, diagnostic aids and disinfectants into wastewater by hospitals in relation to other sources-a review. Chemosphere 45:957–969.

Liu Q, Zhou Y, Chen L, Zheng X (2010)Application of MBR for hospital wastewater treatment in China. Desalination 250:605-608.

Magdaleno A, Juárez ÁB, Dragani, Saenz ME, Paz M, Moretton J (2014) Ecotoxicological and genotoxic evaluation of Buenos Aires city (Argentina) hospital wastewater. Journal of Toxicology 1-10. 

Olorunfemi DI, Ehwre EO (2010) Chromosomal aberrations induced in root tips of Allium cepa by squeezed garri extracts. Report and Opinion 2:166-171.

Olorunfemi DI, Okoloko GE, Bakare AA, Akinboro A (2011) Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of cassava effluents using Allium cepa test. Research Journal of Mutagenesis 1:1-9.

Pauwels B, Verstraete W (2006) The treatment of hospital wastewater: An appraisal. Journal of Water Health 4:405–416.

Paz M, Muzio H, Mendelson A, Magdaleno A, Tornello C, Balbis
N, Moretton J (2006) Evaluation of genotoxicity and toxicity of Buenos Aires city hospital wastewater samples. Journal of  the Brazilian Society of Ecotoxicology 1:1-6.

Petrovic M, Gonzalez S, Barcel´o D (2003) Analysis and removal of emerging contaminants in wastewater and drinking water. Trend in Analytical Chemistry 22:685-696.

Rank J, Nielsen MH (1993) A modi?ed Allium test as a tool in the screening of genotoxicity of complex mixtures. Hereditas 118:49–53.

Schneiderman MH, Dewey WC, Highfield DP (1971) Inhibition of DNA synthesis in synchronized Chinese hamster cell treated in G1 with cycloheximide.  Experimental Cell Research 67:147–155.

Silva J, Erdtmann B, Henriques JAP (2003) Gene ´ticatoxicolo ´gica. Alcance, Porto Alegre Pp. 70–75.

Snyder SA, Westerhoff P, Yoon Y, Sedlak DL (2003)Pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and endocrine disruptors in water: implications for the water industry. Environmental Engineering and Science 20: 449-469.

Stringer R (2011) Medical Waste and Human Rights. Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur. Health Care Without Harm.

Sudhakar R, Gowda N, Venu G (2001) Mitotic abnormalities induced by silk dyeing industry effluents in the cells of Allium cepa. Cytologia 66:235-239.

Tsakona M, Anagnostopoulou E, Gidarakos E (2006) Hospital waste management and toxicity evaluation: A case study. Waste Management 27:912-920.

Van’t Hof J (1968) The action of IAA and kinetin on the mitotic cycle of proliferative and stationary phase excised root meristem. Experimental Cell Research 51:167-176.

Verlicchi P, Galletti A, Petrovic M, Barcel´o D (2010)Hospital effluents as a source of emerging pollutants: an overview of micropollutants and sustainable treatment options. Journal of Hydrology 389:416–428.

WHO (2013) Safe management of wastes from health-care activities Second edition. In: Chartier Y, Emmanuel J, Pieper U, Pruss A, Rushbrook P, Stringer R, Townend W, Wilburn S, Zghondi R ((Eds),  WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data..


Users Online: 7
Editorial Board
Indexed & Listed In
Track manuscript
Manuscript Statistics
Articles Statistics
Publication Statistics