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Ali S, Kashem MA (2018)  Life cycle of vermicomposting earthworms Eisenia fetida and Eudrilus eugeniae under laboratory conditions. Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research 10: 1-4.

Banu JR, Esakkiraj S, Nagendran R, Logakanthi S (2005) Biomanagement of petrochemical sludge using an exotic earthworm Eudrilus eugineae. Journal of Environmental Biology 26:43–47.

Cikutovic MA, Fitzpatrick LC, Venables BJ, Goven AJ (1993) Sperm count in earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris) as a biomarker for environmental toxicology: Effects of cadmium and chlordane. Environmental Pollution 81:123–125.

Cosín DJD, Novo M, Fernández R (2011) Reproduction of earthworms: Sexual selection and parthenogenesis. In Biology of Earthworms. Springer Nature publication Pp. 69–86.

Coulibaly SS, Bi IAZ (2010) Influence of animal wastes on growth and reproduction of the African earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta). European Journal of Soil Biology 46: 225–229.

Bonkowski M, Griffiths BS, Karl Ritz (2000)  Food preferences of earthworms for soil fungi. Pedobiologia 44: 666-676.

Du JH (2018) The earthworm gastrointestinal effect on the release of organic bound residues in soils. Earth and Environmental Science 128: 1-5.

Garg VK, Kaushik P, Dilbaghi N (2006) Vermiconversion of wastewater sludge from textile mill mixed with anaerobically digested biogas plant slurry employing Eisenia foetida. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 65: 412–419.

Kabi F, Kayima D, Kigozi A, Mpingirika EZ, Kayiwa, Okello D (2018)Effect of different oragnic substarte on reproductive biology growth and offtake of the african night crawler earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae). Proceedings of 4th African Organic Conference.

Nurga Y, Berhe H (2018) Evaluation of different earthworm species and food sources for their vermiculture and vermicompost outputs in Raya Azebo District, South Tigray. In: Agegnehu G, Gurmu G, Abera T, Muleta D (Eds.) Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrient Management Published by Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Pp. 171-176.

Rombke J, Jansch, Didden W (2005) The use of earthworms in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Saftety 62: 249-265.

Sharma K, Garg VK (2018). Comparative analysis of vermicompost quality produced from rice straw and paper waste employing earthworm Eisenia fetida. Bioresource Technology 250: 708-715.

Stanbrook RA (2018) Assessing the nutrient status of elephant dung in the Aberdare National Park, Kenya. Pachyderm 59: 86–90.

Suthar S (2007) Influence of different food sources on growth and reproduction performance of composting epigeics: Eudrilus eugeniae, Perionyx excavatus and Perionyx sansibaricus. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 5: 79–92.

Suthar S, Ram S (2008) Does substrate quality affect earthworm
growth and reproduction patterns in vermicomposting systems? A study using three popular composting earthworms. International Journal of Environment and Waste Managment 2: 584–600.

Viljoen SA, Reinecke AJ (1988) The number, size and growth of hatchlings of the African nightcrawler, Eudrilus eugeniae (Oligochaeta). Revue d’Ecologie et de Biologie Du Sol (France).

Vodounnou D, Kpogue DNS, Tossavi CE, Mennsah GA, Fiogbe ED (2016) Effect of animal waste and vegetable compost on production and growth of earthworm (Eisenia fetida) during vermiculture. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 5: 87–92.

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