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Aftab AS, Fotadar RK, Anil D, Bhat AH (2012) A comparative analysis of tropical and temperate genotypes and behaviour of five species of mulberry under temperate conditions of Kashmir. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3 : 089-093.

Aftab AS, Chauhan SS, Gulab K, Pawan S, Saini P, Ghosh MK(2018) Mulberry breeding strategies for North and North West India. International Journal of Advances Research in Science and Engineering 7: 2124-2133.

Anbarasu C, Dutta N, Sharma K, Rawat M(2004) Response of goats to partial replacement of dietary protein by a leaf meal mixture containing  Leucaena leucocephala, Morus alba and Tectona grandis. Small Ruminant Research 51 : 47–56. doi:

Andallu  B, Suryakantham V, Lakshmi SB, Kesava Reddy G (2001) Effect of mulberry (Morus indica L.) therapy on plasma and erythrocyte membrane lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes. Clinica Chemica Acta 314 : 47–53. PMID:11718678.

Anis  M, Faisal  M, Singh SK (2003) Micropropagation of mulberry (Morus alba L.) through in vitro culture of shoot tip and nodal explants. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture 13: 47 – 51.

Ba NX, Giang VD, Ngoan LD(2005) Ensiling of mulberry foliage (Morus alba) and the nutritive value of mulberry foliage silage for goats in central Vietnam. Livestock Research for Rural Development 17 :1-8. 

Bakshi MPS, Wadhwa M (2007) Tree leaves as complete feed for goat bucks. Small Ruminant Research 69 : 74–78.

Bapat  VA,  Rao  PS (1990) In vitro growth of encapsulated axillary buds of mulberry (Morus indica L.). Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture 20:69–70. doi: 10.1007/BF00034760.

Beena P, Bharat G, Nisha P, Vipul B(2015) One step pre-hardening micropropagation of Bambusa balcooa Roxb. Journal of Phytology 7:1-9. doi: 10.5455/jp.2015-06-02.

Bommineni  VR, Mathews  H,  Samuel SB, Kramer M, Wagner DR (2001)  A new method for rapid in vitro propagation of Apple and Pear. Horticultural Science 36 : 1102–1106.

Buah JN, Danso E, Taah KJ,  Abole  EA,  Bediako  EA,  Asiedu  J, Baidoo R (2010) The effects of different concentrations cytokinins on the in vitro multiplication of Plantain (Musa sp.). Biotechnology 9 : 343-347. DOI:

Butt  MS,  Nazir  A,  Sultan  TS, Schroen  K (2008) Morus alba L. nature’s functional tonic. Trends in Food science and technology 19:505-512.

Chitra  DSV, Padmaja G (1999) Clonal propagation of mulberry (Morus indica L. Cult. M-5) through in vitro culture of nodal explants. Scientia Horticulturae 80: 289–298. DOI:

Chitra  DSV,  Padmaja  G (2001) Seasonal influence on axillary bud sprouting and micropropagation of elite cultivars of mulberry. Scientia Horticulturae 92:55–68.

Datta RK (1994) Production and Demand of Silk in India, In: Global Silk Scenario-2000, Proceedings of the International Conference on Sericulture. Oxford, IBM, 44-54.

Debnath SC (2008) Zeatin-induced one-step in vitro cloning affects the vegetative growth of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) micropropagules over stem cuttings. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 93 : 231–240. doi: 10.1007/s11240-008-9366-0.

Debnath SC, McRae KB (2005) A one-step in vitro cloning procedure for cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.): the influence of cytokinins on shoot proliferation and rooting. Small Fruits Review 4: 57–75. doi: 10.1007/BF02788801.

Dwivedi  NK, Indiradevi A, Suma A, Asokan  NR (2014) Rapid in vitro micropropagation of non-bitter vegetable type Aloe vera L. (IC333202). Research in Plant Biology 4 : 39-43, 2014.

Ewelina K, Magdalena JS, Zbigniew K, Ewa  F, Rafal WW (2016) The effects of supplementary mulberry leaf (Morus alba) extracts on the trace element status (Fe, Zn and Cu) in relation to diabetes management and antioxidant indices in diabetic rats. Biological Trace Element Research 174 : 158–165. doi: 10.1007/s12011-016-0696-1.

Fang  SH, Hou YC, Chao PD (2005) Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of morin and cyclosporine. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 205: 65–70.

Gandhi DS, Chakraborti SP, Roychowdhuri S, Das NK, Vijayan K, Ghosh PD (2012) Development of mulberry varieties for sustainable growth and leaf yield in temperate and subtropical regions of India. Euphytica 185 : 215–225. doi: 10.1007/s10681-011-0523-x.

Gani M, Gupta RK, Kaul V, Zargar SM, Bali K, Khan G (2016) Management of the Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma indicum) Using Nucleopolyhedrovirus in Jammu & Kashmir, India, in: Materials Today: Proceedings. Elsevier Ltd, Pp. 3914–3924 doi:10.1016/j.matpr.2016.11.049.

Ikram-ul-Haq, Dahot  MU (2007) Morpho-physiological aspects of micro-propagating banana under different hormonal conditions. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 6 : 496-501. DOI:

Kandylis  K, Hadjigeorgiou  I, Harizanis  P (2009) The nutritive value of mulberry leaves (Morus alba) as a feed supplement for sheep. Tropical Animal Health Production 41 : 17-24. doi: 10.1007/s11250-008-9149-y.

Korra R, Bylla P, Rohela GK, Pendli S, Reuben TC (2017) In vitro micro propagation and confirmation of genetic fidelity using RAPD marker in ethno medicinal plant Stachytarpheta jamaicensis L. Vahl. International Journal of Advanced Research 5: 1494-1502. DOI:

Kour  R, Rathore  MS, Srinivasulu Y, Sahaf  KA (2015) Evaluation of Five improved mulberry Genotypes as trees under different locations in Kashmir. Indian Horticultural Journal 2 : 91-94.

Lee SH, Choi  SY, Kim  H, Hwang  J S, Lee BG, Gao JJ, Kim SY (2002) Mulberroside F isolated from the leaves of Morus alba inhibits melanin biosynthesis.  Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 25:1045–1048.

Marijana  S, Suzana  Z, Jelena S, Branislav  S, Aneta S, Sladjana T, Dragoljub G (2012) Efficient one-step tissue culture protocol for propagation of endemic plant, Lilium martagon var. cattaniae Vis. African Journal of Biotechnology 11 :1862-1867. doi: 10.5897/AJB11.2076.

Martinez M, Motta W, Cervera C, Pla M (2005) Feeding mulberry leaves to fattening rabbits: effects on growth, carcass characteristics and meat quality. Animal Science 80 : 275–280. doi:

Meneguim  AM, Lustri  C, Oliveira  DD, Yada IFU, Pasini A (2010) Bromatological characterization of mulberry cultivars, Morus spp., and determination of nutritional indexes of Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Neotropical Entomology 39: 506–512.

Murashige T, Skoog  F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassay with tobacco tissue cultures. Plant Physiology 15: 473-497. DOI:

Naik  PM, Patil BR, Kotahi KS,  Kazi AM, Lokesh H, Kamplikoppa  SG (2014) Rapid one step protocol for in vitro regeneration of Bacopa monnieri (L.). Journal of Cell & Tissue Research 14 :4293-4296.

Naowaratwattana W, De-Eknamkul W, De Mejia  EG (2010) Phenolic-containing organic extracts of mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaves inhibit HepG2 hepatoma cells through G2/M phase arrest and inhibition of topoisomerase IIα activity. Journal of Medicinal Food 13 :045–1056.

Niidome T, Takahashi K, Goto  Y, Goh  SM, Tanaka  N,  Kamei  K,  Ichida  M,  Hara S,  Akaike A,  Kihara T, Sugimoto H (2007) Mulberry leaf extract prevents amyloid beta-peptide fibril formation and neurotoxicity. Neuroreport18:813–816.

North  J,  Ndakidemi  P, Laubscher  C (2012) Effects of antioxidants, plant growth regulators and wounding on phenolic compound excretion during micropropagation of Strelitzia reginae. International Journal of the Physical Science7 : 638-646. DOI:

Pattnaik SK, Chand PK (1997) Rapid clonal propagation of three mulberries, Morus cathayana Hemsl., Morus ihou Koidz and Morus serrate Roxb., through in vitro culture of apical shoot buds and nodal explants from mature trees. Plant Cell Reports 16:503-508. doi: 10.1007/BF01092774.

Peixe A, Calado J, Carlos  R (2015)A one-step procedure for in vitro micro propagation of stevia (Stevia Rebaudiana). Acta Horticulturae 1083:295-301. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1083.37.

Phiny C, Preston TR, Ly J (2003) Mulberry (Morus alba) leaves as protein source for young pigs fed rice-based diets: Digestibility studies. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15 :1-11.

Raghunath MK, Karaba N, Nataraja, Meghana  JS , Sajeevan  RS, Rajan  MV, Qadri  SMH (2013) In vitro plant regeneration of Morus indica L. cv. V1 using leaf explant. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4: 2001-2005. DOI:

Rahmathulla  VK (2012) Management of climatic factors for successful silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) crop and higher silk production: A review. A Journal of Entomology Article ID 121234:1-12. doi:10.1155/2012/121234.

Rohela  GK, Prasad  B, Srinivas  K, Sadanandam A, Ravi  CH, Christopher RT(2013) In vitro plantlet regeneration from leaf and stem calluses of Rauwolfia tetraphylla (R. canescens) and confirmation of genetic fidelity of plantlets using the ISSR-PCR method. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants 19:66–75. doi:10.1080/10496475.2012.741056.

Rohela GK, Prasad B, Ravi CH, Rajender K, Christopher  RT (2015) In vitro clonal propagation of Rauwolfia tetraphylla, a relative of indian snake root plant. Research Journal of Biotechnology 10 : 23-31.

Rohela GK, Bylla  P, Korra  R, Reuben  C (2016a) Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of leaf, stem, root and their callus extracts in Rauwolfia tetraphylla. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 18:21?528. doi: 10.17957/IJAB/15.0120.

Rohela GK, Pawan S, Ravindra  MA, Mudasir  G, Aftab AS, Srinivasulu Y, Sharma SP(2016b) Somatic Hybridization as a Potential Tool for Mulberry Improvement: A Review. Indian Horticulture Journal 6(Special): 46-49.

Rohela GK,  Santhosh D, Prasad  B, Rajender K, Sreenu P, Christopher TC (2016c) Somatic embryogenesis and indirect regeneration in Mirabilis jalapa  Linn. Materials Today: Proceedings 3: 3882–3891. DOI:

Rohela GK, Phanikanth J, Aftab AA, Pawan S, Sadanandam A, Mrinal KG (2018a) In vitro regeneration and assessment of genetic fidelity of acclimated plantlets by using ISSR markers in PPR-1 (Morus sp.): An economically important plant. Scientia Horticultura 241: 313-321. DOI:

Rohela GK, Aftab AS, Pawan S, Ravindra A, Mudasir G, Srinivasulu Y, Sharma SP (2018b) In vitro clonal propagation of PPR-1, a superior temperate mulberry variety. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 17: October 2018:619-625.

Sajeevan RS, Jeba SS, Karaba N, Shivanna B (2011) An efficient in vitro protocol for multiple shoot induction in mulberry, Morus alba L variety V1. International Research Journal of Plant Science 2 : 254-261.

Sanchez  MD (2002) World distribution and utilization of mulberry and its potential for animal feeding.FAO Animal production and health paper. FAO corporate document repository, Rome, Italy, Pp. 345. Available on access on 25th April, 2018.

Sanchez  MD (2000) Mulberry: an exceptional forage available almost worldwide. World Animal Review 93: 1–21.

Shabir  AW, Malik GN, Mir MR, Parveez G, Naina M, Ashraf BM (2014) Evaluation of mulberry germplasm based on leaf and yield parameters. The Bioscan 9 :1399-1404.

Shankar  MA, Rajegowda, Jayaramaiah M,  Rangaswamy  BT, Maibaum W(2001) Response of mulberry to nitrogen and sulphate of potash on yield and quality of leaf, in relation to sustainable cocoon production and grainage parameters. Plant Nutrition 92: 326-327. doi: 10.1007/0-306-47624-x_157.

Shukla P, Gulab KR, Aftab AS, Sharma SP (2016)   Prospect of Cold Tolerant Genes and Its Utilization in Mulberry 

Improvement. Indian Horticulture Journal 6(Special): 127-129.

Silvia V, Adriana S, Luis M (2002)Plant regeneration from shoot apical meristems of Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae). Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 24 : 195–199.

Srivastava S, Kapoor  R, Thathola  A, Srivastava RP (2006) Nutritional quality of leaves of some genotypes of mulberry (Morus alba). International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 57 : 305-13.doi: 10.1080/09637480600801837.

Sujatha  D, Ravi  CH, Raghuvardhan  L, Prasad  B, Gulab Khan  R, Sadanandam  A, Christopher RT (2013) In vitro plantlet regeneration and genetic transformation of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica L.) African Journal of Plant Sciences 7 :244-252. doi: 10.5897/AJPS12.196.

Sujatha  G, Jayabalan N,  Ranjitha Kumari BD (2007) Rapid in vitro micro propagation of Cicerarietinum L. Horticultural Sciences (Prague) 34 : 1–5.

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Vijayan  K,  Chakraborti SP, Roy BN (2000) Plant regeneration from leaf explants of mulberry: influence of sugar, genotype and 6-benzyladenine. Indian Journal of Experimental  Biology 38: 504 – 508.

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