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Abraham T, Lal RB (2002) Sustainable enhancement of yield potential of mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern. Coss.) through integrated nutrient NM) in a legume based cropping system for the inceptisols. Cruciferae Newsletter Nr.24 July Eucarpia Ed. INRA Rennes, France Pp 99-100.

Adeola RG, Tijani EH, Fakunle AO (2014). Assessment of farmers’ participation in on-farm adaptive research in south-western, Nigeria. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 9:1155-1160.

Bezbaruha R, Sharma RC, Banik P (2011) Effect of nutrient management and planting geometry on productivity of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars.  American Journal of Plant Sciences 2: 297-302.

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Branca G, Lipper L, Nancy M, Jolejole MC (2013) Food security, climate change, and sustainable land management. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33:635-650.

Chauhan BS, Mahajan G (2013) Strategies for boosting rice yield in the face of climate change in India. International Rice Research Institute 1:105

Damodaran V,  Saren BK, Ravisankar  N, Bommayasamy N (2012) Influence of time of planting, spacing, seedling number and nitrogen management practices on productivity, profitability and energetics of rice (Oryza sativa) in island ecosystem. Madras Agricultural Journal 99: 538-544.

Gautam  AK, Kumar D, Shivay YS, Mishra BN (2008) Influence of nitrogen levels and plant spacing on growth, productivity and quality of two inbred varieties and a hybrid of aromatic rice. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 54:515–532.

Gorgy RN (2010) Effect of transplanting spacing and nitrogen level on growth, yield and nitrogen used efficiency of some promising rice varieties. Journal of Agricultural Research Kafer El-Shiekh University 36:123-144.

Hasanuzzaman M, Nahar K, Roy TS, Rahman ML, Hozzain MZ, Ahmed JU (2009) Tiller dynamics and dry matter production of transplanted rice as affected by plant spacing and number of seedlings per hill. Academic Journal of Plant Science 2:162-168.

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Mahapatra IC, Behera JK (2011) Rice (Oryza sativa)- based farming system for livelihood improvement of Indian farmers. Indian Journal of Agronomy 56: 1-19.

Mohaddasi A, Abbasian A, Bakhshipour S, Aminpanah H (2011) Effect of different level of nitrogen and plant spacing on yield, yield components and physiological indices in high-yield Rice. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences 10: 893-900.

Moro BM, Nuhu IR, Martin EA (2016) Effect of spacing on grain yield and yield attributes of three rice (oryza sativa l.) varieties grown in rain-fed lowland ecosystem in Ghana. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 9: 1-10

NABARD (2014) Status focus paper 2014-2015 Madhya pradesh. Available on 29 January. 

Nagai T, Makino A (2009) Differences between rice and wheat in temperature responses of photosynthesis and plant growth. Oxford Journal of Plant and Physiology 50:744-755.

NRAA (2012) Prioritization of rainfed Area in India, Study report 4, NRAA, New Delhi. India Pp.100.

Ogbodo EN, Ekpe II, Utobo EB, Ogah EO (2010)  Effect of plant spacing and N rates on the growth and yields of rice at abakaliki ebonyi State, Southeast. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 6: 653-658.

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Paul T, Bisht PS, Pandey PC, Singh Dk, Roy S (2013) Rice productivity and soil fertility as influenced by nutrient management in rice (Oryza sativa), wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 58:495-99.

Rajput A, Sharma S, Rajput SS, Jha G (2016) Impact of different crop geometries and depths of planting on growth and yield of rice in system of rice intensification. Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications 9: 512-516


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Rashid MH, Khan AH (2006) Tillering dynamics and productivity of BRRI dhan 44 as influenced by spacing and nitrogen management technique. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 4:47-52

Rasool FU, Habib R, Bhat MI (2013) Agronomic evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) for plant spacings and seedlings per hill under temperate conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8: 4650-4653.

Reddy N, Reddy S (2016) Impact of climate change on rainfed agriculture: a study of its impact on the socio-economic life of farmers in Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Current Innovation Research 2:451-457

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Tyeb A, Paul SK, Samad MA (2013) Performance of variety and spacing on the yield and yield contributing characters of transplanted Aman rice.  Journal of Agroforestry and Environment 7: 57-60

Wassmann R, Dobermann A (2007) Climate change adaptation through rice production in regions with high poverty levels. SAT eJournal/



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