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Aslam A, Chaudhary ZI, Rehman H, Ashraf A, Ahmad N, Maqbool A, Shakoori AR (2010) Comparative evaluation of parasitological, serological and DNA amplification methods for diagnosis of natural trypanosomal infection in equines. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 42: 371- 376.

Bal MS, Sharma A, Ashuma, Bath BK, Kaur P, Singla LD (2014) Detection and management of latent infection of Trypanosoma evansi in a cattle herd. Indian Journal of Animal Research 48: 31-37.

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Chappuis F, Muller Y, Nguimfack A, Rwakimari JB, Couffignal S, Boelaert M, Cavailler P, Loutan L, Piola P (2005) Diagnostic accuracy of two rk39 antigen based dipsticks and formol gel test for rapid diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in north eastern Uganda. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43: 5973-5977.

Farrar J, Hoetz P, Junghanss T, Kang G, Laloo D, White N (2013) Manson’s Tropical Diseases, 23rdEdn, Elsever’s, U.S, Pp.1360.

Fevre EM, Bronsvoort BM, Hamilton KA, Cleaveland S (2006).Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases. Trends in Microbiology 14: 125-31.

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Goel SK, Singh RP (1971) Comparative studies on certain diagnostic tests in the diagnosis of Surra. Journal of Research 8: 404-406

Iqbal M, Singh R, Wani N, Irfan M (2012). Trypanosomiasis – An impediment to livestock development. International Journal of Livestock Research 2: 52-57.

Jaiswal AK, Vikrant S, Neha, Verma AK (2015). Insight into trypanosomiasis in animals: various approaches for its diagnosis, treatment and control-A review. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences 9: 172- 186.

Jeyabal L, Chaudhuri SS, Singh A, Kumar D (2003) Detection of circulating antigens in immune complexes of Trypanosoma evansi infected cattle and buffaloes by ELISA. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 17: 85-88.

Kaur P, Juyal PD (2003) Haematobiochemical changes in experimental surra in cow calves treated with diminazene aceturate along with antipyrine and procaine. Indian Veterinary Journal 80: 975-978.

Krishnappa T, Muralidhara A, Sastry KNV, Renukaprasad C, Krishnappa G (2002) Prevalence of trypanosomiasis in domestic animals in Karnataka. Indian Veterinary Journal 79: 183-184

Kumar R, Kumar S, Khurana SK, Yadav SC (2013) Development of an antibody- ELISA for seoprevalence of Trypanosoma evansi in equids of north and north western regions of India. Veterinary Parasitology 196: 251-257.

Muraleedharan K (2015) An update on Trypanosoma infection in livestock of Karnataka state, India. Veterinary Research International 3 : 46-54.

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Nazmulahasan H, Ayaz KFM, ShafiqulBari MD (2008) Current diagnosis and  treatment of kala azar: Bangladesh PerspectiveJournal of Medicine 9 : 45-49.

OIE (2010) Trypanosoma evansi infection (Surra).  OIE Terrestrial Manual, Chapter 2.1.17, 1-13 p.

Parveen R, Rahman ME, Islam MN, Uddin SN, Khlaeque MA, Choudhury AM (2007) Diagnostic efficacy of aldehyde test in late cases of Kala-azar. Mymensingh Medical Journal 16: 160-164.

Poul J (1950)  Incidence of leishmaniasis in dogs in Algeria and the value of formol gel test in diagnosis. Archives De l'Institut Pasteur De Madagascar 28 : 449-456.

Rani NL, Suresh K, Rajesh K (2015) A retrospective study on clinico-epidemiological aspects of trypanosomiasis in buffaloes. International Journal of Veterinary Science 4 : 97-100.

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Sarmah PC, Dewan JN, Bhattacharjee K, Choudhury R, Sarma M, Borgohain R (2015) Oriental theileriosis and Surra in a holstein-Friesian cattle shed: Herd investigation, haematology and therapeutic management. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research 6 :6536- 6538.

Selby R, Bardosh K, Picozzi K, Waiswa C, Welburn C (2013) Cattle movements and trypanosomes: restocking efforts and the spread of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense sleeping sickness in post conflict Uganda. Parasites & Vectors  6: 281

Singh V, Chabbra MB (2008) Trypanosomiasis (Surra) in India:An update. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 32: 104-110.

Singh D, Kumar S, Singh B, Bardhan D (2014) Economic losses due to important diseases of bovines. Veterinary World 7: 579-585.


Singla LD, Juyal PD, Ahuja SP (2000) Serum protein changes of cross bred calves experimentally infected with Trypanosoma evansi and immunomodulated with levamisole. Indian Veterinary Journal 77: 172-174.

Tehseen S, Jahan N, Desquesnes M, Shahzad MI, Qamar MF (2017)  Field  investigation of Trypanosoma evansi and comparative analysis of diagnostic tests in horses from Bahawalpur,Pakistan. Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences 41 :288-293.

Tehseen S, Jahan N, Qamar MF, Desqueshes M, Shahzad MI, Deborggraeve S, Buscher P (2015) Parasitological, serological and molecular survey of Trypanosoma evansi infection in dromedary camels from Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Parasite & Vectors 8: 415- 425.

Yadav SC, Kumar R, Manuja A, Goyal L, Gupta AK (2014) Early detection of Trypanosoma evansi infection and monitoring of antibody levels by ELISA following treatment. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 38: 124-127.

Yadav SC, Kumar J, Gupta AK, Jerome A, Kumar P, Kumar R, Tehri K, Kumar R (2016) Parasitological, Biochemical and clinical observations in ponies experimentally infected with Trypanosoma evansi. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences 4: (Spl-4-EHIDZ): S144-S150.

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