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Anderson PC, Lombard PB, Westwood MN (1984) Leaf conductance, growth, and survival of willow and deciduous fruit tree species under flooded soil conditions. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 109: 132–138.

Autio WR, Krupa J, Clements J (2000) Performance of trees in the Massachusetts planting of the 1994 NC-140 apple rootstock trial over seven growing seasons. Fruit Notes 65: 1–3.

Barritt BH, Konishi BS, Dilley MA (1995) Performance of 3 apple cultivars with 23 dwarfing rootstocks during 8 seasons in Washington. Fruit Cultivars Journal 49: 158–70.

Fallahi E, Colt WM, Fallahi B, Chun I (2002) The importance of apple rootstocks on tree growth, yield, fruit quality, leaf nutrition and photosynthesis with an emphasis on ‘Fuji’. Horticulture Technology. 12: 38–44.

Ferree DC, Warrington IJ (2003) Apples: Botany, Production and Uses. Ohio State University, USA, I Warrington, Horticulture Research, New Zealand. 672 pages; Publisher: CABI.

Foster TM, Hooijdonk BMV, Friend AM, Seleznyova AN, McLachlan ARG (2016) Apple rootstock-induced dwarfing is strongly influenced by growing environment. Journal of Horticulture 3:180.

Ghanbarloo M, Hajnajari H (2013) Preliminary study on the effect of apple selected seeds produced by dwarf parents on height and canopy size of six commercial cultivars. 13th Genetic Congress, 3-5 June, 2013, held at University of Sh. Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.

Hajnajari H, Dehghany SY, Khandan A, Lahiji MF (2008) National Guideline for the Conduct of Tests for Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability in Apple. Agriculture publication divulgation. Agriculture Research, Education and Extension organization (AREO) (In Farsi).

Hajnajari H, Soroori S, Rezaee S, Zamani Zadeh HR (2012) Iranian crab apple 'Zinati' with dual tolerance as maternal source selected for rootstock breeding. Acta Horticulturae 938: 527-534.

Hajnajari H, Moradi M (2014) Determination of Self Compatibility Levels, Physiological Disorders, Pomology of Apples and Introduction of 'IRI6' as Promising Self Compatible cultivar. Iranian Horticulture Science Journal 45: 136-174 (In Farsi).

Hajnajari H (2016) Guide of Apple Cultivation Relying on Research Achievements. Agriculture publication divulgation. Agriculture Research, Education and Extension organization (AREO) (In Farsi).

Hajnajari H (2010) Cultivar evaluation program of the national Iranian apple collection in the last decade. Proceeding of the International Scientific Conference of Fruit Growing Intensification in Belarus: Traditions, Progress and Prospects held on 1st September - 1st October, 2010 at Samokhvalovichy, Pp:33-39.

Hajnajari H, Tarrahi SH (2009) Investigation on vegetative traits and growth characteristics of 16 imported commercial apple cultivars in Karaj- Iran climatic conditions. Innovative technologies in nursery management and rootstock research. Proceeding of International Scientific Conference held on June, 15 – July, 31, 2009 at Samokhvalovichy Belarus.

Hirst PM, Ferree DC (1995) Effect of rootstock and cultivar on the growth and precocity of young apple tree. Journal American Society of Horticulture Sciences. 120: 622-634.

Jobir K (2016) Effects of MM. 106 and M. 26 Rootstocks on Agromorphological Characteristics of ‘Crispin’ and ‘Granny Smith’ Apple Cultivars in Chencha, Southern Ethiopia. IOSR Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology Sciences 11: 7-10.

Michael BH (2009) The physiological basis of vigour control by apple rootstocks-on unresolved paradigm. New Zealand, Palmerstone North: Massey University.

Mizani A, Hajnajari H (2013) Detection of ApMV and TomRSV in apple trees and inhibitive effect of seed rootstocks against viral infections. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 3: 554-562.

Schechter I, Elfving DC, Proctor JTZ (1991) Canopy development, photosynthesis, and vegetative growth as affected by apple rootstocks. Fruit Varieties Journal 45: 229–237.


Soroori S, Hajnajari H, Rezaee S, Zamani Zadeh HR (2010) Evaluation of apple dwarf cultivars seedlings for selection of rootstocks tolerant to Phytophthora Cactorum, causal agent of crown rot disease.  Seed and Plant Improvement Journal 26: 193-204 (In Farsi).

Strong D, Miller-Azarenko A (1991) Dry matter partitioning in ‘Starkspur Supreme Delicious’ on nine rootstocks. Fruit Varieties Journal 45: 238–241.

Tahereh P, Hossein A, Abdolghafar E (2011) A study of the influence of different rootstocks on the vegetative growth of almond cultivars. African Journal of Biotechnology 10: 16808-16812.

Warner J (1991) Rootstock affects primary scaffold branch crotch angle of apple trees. Horticultural Science (HortScience). 26: 1266–1267.

Webster AD (1995) Temperate fruit tree rootstock propagation. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 23: 355-372.

Webster AD, Wertheim SJ (2003) Apple rootstocks. In: Ferree DC, Warrington IJ (Eds.), Apples: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International, Cambridge, MA, Pp. 91–124.

Wertheim SJ, Schmidt H, (2005) Flowering, pollination and fruit set. In: Tromp J, Webster AD, Wertheim SJ (Eds.) Fundamentals of Temperate Zone Tree Fruit Production, Baskhuys publishers, Leiden. The Netherlands.

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