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Al Zadjali S, Morse S, Chenoweth J, Deadman M (2015) Personal safety issues related to the use of pesticides in agricultural production in the Al-Batinah region of Northern Oman. Science of the Total Environment 502: 457-461.

Aslam M, Ali T, Zafar MI, Ahmad M (2007) Training needs of fruit growers regarding pesticide use for sustainable environmental health in Punjab. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 44: 511-518.

Blanco-Munoz J, Lacasana M (2011) Practices in pesticide handling and the use of personal protective equalternative pest controlling methodsent in Mexican agricultural workers. Journal of Agromedicine 16: 117-126.

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Ejaz S, Akram W, Lim CW, Lee JJ, Hussain I (2004) Endocrine disrupting pesticide: a leading cause of cancer among rural people in Pakistan. Experimental Oncology 26: 98-105.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1994) Sustainable agriculture through integrated pest management. Twenty-Second Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific, Manila.

Fuchs TW (2007) Diffusion of IPM programs in commercial agriculture: concepts and constraints. In: Koul O, Cuperus G (Eds), Ecologically Based Pest Management. CAB International, Oxford shire, Pp. 432–444.

Gaber S, Abdel-Latif SH (2012) Effect of education and health locus of control on safe use of pesticides: a cross sectional random study. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 7: 3.

Grube A, Kiely T, Donaldson D (2004) Pesticides Industry Sales and Usage: 2000 and 2001 Market Estimates. EPA 733-R-04-001. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental ProtectionAgency. Available: [January 2011].

Ibitayo OO (2006) Egyptian farmers’ attitudes and behaviors regarding agricultural pesticides: implications for pesticide risk communication. Risk Analysis 26: 989–95.

Jensen HK, Konradsen F, Jørs E, Petersen JH, Dalsgaard A (2011) Pesticide use and self-reported symptoms of acute pesticide poisoning among aquatic farmers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Journal of Toxicology,  Article ID 639814, DOI:

Jin F, Wang J, Shao H, Jin M (2010) Pesticide use and residue control in China. Journal of Pest Science 35: 138-142.

Khan M (2012) Adverse health experiences, risk perception and pesticide use behavior, Unpublished PhD Thesis. Islamabad: School of Economics Sciences, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology; Retrieved from

Mallah GH, Korejo AK (2007) Establishment of integrated pest management (IPM) in cotton through farmer field school (FFS) in Sakrand, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany  39 : 2693-2697.

Mancini F, Jiggins JL, Malley MO (2009) Reducing the incidence of acute pesticide poisoning by educating farmers on integrated pest management in south India. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health 15: 143-151.

Mekonnen Y, Agonafir T (2002) Pesticide sprayers’ knowledge, attitude and practice of pesticide use on agricultural farms of Ethiopia. Occupational Medicine 52:311-315.

Muddassir M, Noor MA, Ahmed A, Aldosari F, Waqas MA, Zia MA, Mubushar M,. Zuhaibe AH,  Jalip MW (2016) Awareness and adoption level of fish farmers regarding recommended fish farming practices in Hafizabad, Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences (in press)

Naidoo S, London L, Rother HA, Burdorf A, Naidoo RN, Kromhout H (2010) Pesticide safety training and practices in women working in small-scale agriculture in South Africa. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 67: 823–828. DOI:

Negatu B, Kromhout H, Mekonnen Y, Vermeulen R (2016) Use of Chemical Pesticides in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study on Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Farmers and Farm Workers in Three Farming Systems. Annual Occupation Hygiene 1–16.

Nesheim ON, Fishel FM (2005) Proper disposal of pesticide waste.FloridaCooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, Pp.1-18.

Ntow WJ, Gijzen HJ, Kelderman P, Drechsel P (2006) Farmer perceptions and pesticide use practices in vegetable production in Ghana. Pest Management Science 62: 356-365.

Ostman O, Ekbom B, Bengtsson J (2003) Yield increase attributable to aphid predation by ground-living polyphagous natural enemies in spring barley in Sweden. Ecological Economics 45: 149-158. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(03)00007-7.

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Pasiani JO, Torres P, Silva JR, Diniz BZ, Caldas ED (2012) Knowledge, attitudes, practices and bio-monitoring of farmers and residents exposed to pesticides in Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 : 3051-68.

Recena MCP, Caldas ED, Pires DX, Pontes ERJ (2006) Pesticides exposure in Culturama, Brazil—knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Environmental Research, 102: 230-236.

Remoundou K, Brennan M, Hart A, Frewer LJ (2014) Pesticide Risk Perceptions, Knowledge, and Attitudes of Operators, Workers, and Residents: A Review of the Literature. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 20:1113–1138.

Sankoh AI,  Whittle R, Semple KT, Jones KC, Sweetman AJ (2016) An assessment of the impacts of pesticide use on the environment and health of rice farmers in Sierra Leone. Environment International 94: 458-466.

Schreinemachers P, Tipraqsa P (2012) Agricultural pesticides and land use intensification in high, middle and low income countries. Food Policy 37: 616-626.

Shetty PK, Murugan M, Hiremath MB, Sreeja KG (2010) Farmers’ education and perception on pesticide use and crop economies in Indian agriculture. Journal of Exprimental Sciences 1:3-8.

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Xiao YM, Wang JA, Wang MA, Liu JP, Yuan HZ, Qin ZH (2010) Study on the inclusion complexes of flumorph and dimethomorph with β-cyclodextrin to improve fungicide formulation. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 32: 363.

Ye M, Beach J, Martin JW, Senthilselvan A (2013) Occupational pesticide exposures and respiratory health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10: 6442-6471.

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