Volume 4 Issue Spl-3-ADPCIAD Article 1

Multiplex-PCR to detect pathogens and analysis of relation of age and stage of lactation of cows to sub-clinical mastitis


Gaddi RM1; Isloor S1,*; Rathnamma D1; Avinash B4; Veeregowda BM1; Bhaskar R3; Suguna Rao2;


1Department of Microbiology, Veterinary College, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bengaluru
2Department of Pathology, Veterinary College, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bengaluru
3Instructional Livestock Farm Complex, Veterinary College, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bengaluru
4Acquity Labs Pvt Ltd, HBR Layout, Bengaluru



Keywords: Sub-clinical mastitis, Somatic cell count, Multiplex-PCR, Predominant bacteria, Age groups and Stage of lactation

Page No: S59 - S68


Received - August 05, 2016; Revision - October 10, 2016; Accepted - October 25, 2016
Available Online - October 30, 2016



Abstract


In this study, 225 milk samples were collected sequentially during 1st to 88th day from 25 HF cross cows in an organized farm. First five collections were obtained at a weekly interval (1,7,14,21 and 28 days) and later, fortnightly for two months (43, 58, 73 and 88 days). These milk samples were screened for Subclinical mastitis (SCM) by Somatic Cell Count (SCC). Further, multiplex-PCR for detection of S.aureus, E.coli, S.agalactiae, S.dysgalactiae and S.uberis was employed to detect the major bacterial pathogens. The SCM positivity was assessed based on criteria of SCC  500,000 cells /ml. The study revealed the high prevalence of variable SCM pattern in milking cows by SCC (73.33 %) in sequentially collected milk samples over a period of 88 days. No specific pattern of prevalence of SCM was observed during the study period. The prevalence of SCM was not influenced by the stage of lactation. In all the stages of lactation and age groups S. aureus, Streptococci and E.coli were detected with the predominance of S. aureus. The varied distribution of organisms in different stages of lactation did not influence the prevalence of SCM. Further, the high prevalence of SCM was noticed in aged cows. Among these, maximum number of milk samples (46 %, 52/113) revealing the presence of pathogens were obtained from cows in the age group 7-11 years. The multiplex PCR was found an easy and rapid method to detect the predominant pathogens causing SCM. The findings emphasize the need to control SCM through sequential monitoring of SCM through SCC, multiplex-PCR and proper managemental practices.

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