Volume 5 Issue 6 Article 3
MANGANESE AND ITS ROLE IN POULTRY NUTRITION: AN OVERVIEW
Vincenzo Tufarelli*, Vito Laudadio
Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Study of Bari ‘Aldo Moro’, Valenzano 70010 Bari, Italy.
Keywords: [ Manganese, Nutrition, Poultry, Trace elements]
Page No:749 – 754
Received – October 05, 2017; Revision – October 25, 2017; Accepted – December 17, 2017
Available Online – December 27, 2017
Manganese (Mn) is an important trace element in poultry nutrition and feeding due to its function in eggshell and bone development, enzymes function and metabolism of nutrients. The nutritional adequacy of Mn is necessary for the enzyme Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), therefore research dealing with this enzyme is of current interest. Manganese was reported to prevent perosis in young broilers and in laying hens dietary Mn deficiency decreases egg production and shell thickness. The present review paper reports an overview on the currently available literature related to the influence of different forms of dietary Mn on productive performance, meat and egg quality, fertility and hatchability indexes in poultry (broiler chickens, laying hens, breeders and ducks). Available studies demonstrated that organic sources of Mn such as aminoacids complexes, proteinates and chelates have higher Mn bioavailability compared to commonly used inorganic Mn forms; nevertheless, existing findings remain still controversial.
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