Volume 4 Issue 4 Article 7

Effect of benzyladenine and salicylic acid on biochemical traits of two cultivars of carnation

Anita Ramtin1, Sepideh Kalatejari1,*, Roohangiz Naderi2 and Mohammad Matinizadeh3

1Department of Horticulture, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3Department of Forest, Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran

Keywords: Carnation, Benzyladenine, Salicylic Acid, Spraying and Biochemical traits

Page No: 427 - 434

Received - February 11, 2016; Revision - April 30, 2016; Accepted - May 12, 2016 Available Online - June 30, 2016

How to Cite


Plant growth regulators have significant effect on the delaying senescence in buds and flowers. Present study was conducted to find out the effects of Salicylic acid and Benzyl adenine spraying on various biochemical traits such as membrane stability index, chlorophyll a, and b content, total chlorophyll content, sugar content, catalase, and peroxidase enzymes activity, and proline content in Carnation. Study was conducted in a split plot design with three replications and various concentrations of hormones, cultivars of carnation and measurement time was used as a factor of interaction. Results of study showed that all the traits were significantly affected by spraying of these tow hormones. Cultivar factor was most effective in chlorophyll a, b, and total chlorophyll content, catalase enzyme activity, proline content and sugar content. Among these two hormones, spraying of Salicylic acid @ 100 ┬ÁM was found most effective treatment. Further, time of measurements and cultivar factors were also found effective in all of traits.

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